Canada is a country in the northern portion of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres (3.85 million square miles), making it the world’s second-largest country by total area. Its southern affix behind the united States, stretching some 8,891 kilometres (5,525 mi), is the world’s longest bi-national land border. Canada’s capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver.
As a whole, Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its home area monster dominated by reforest and tundra. Its population is terribly urbanized, past over 80 percent of its inhabitants concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, and 70 percent of citizens residing within 100 kilometres (62 mi) of the southern border. Canada’s climate varies widely across its gigantic area, ranging from arctic weather in the north, to warm summers in the southern regions, later than four distinct seasons.
Various indigenous peoples have inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years back European colonization. introduction in the 16th century, British and French expeditions explored and higher fixed along the Atlantic coast. As a consequence of various armed conflicts, France ceded approximately every of its colonies in North America in 1763. In 1867, in imitation of the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces. This began an addition of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the associated Kingdom. This widening autonomy was highlighted by the perform of Westminster of 1931 and culminated in the Canada deed of 1982, which severed the vestiges of true compulsion upon the British parliament.
Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy in the Westminster tradition, bearing in mind Elizabeth II as its queen and a prime minister who serves as the seat of the Cabinet and head of government. The country is a realm within the Commonwealth of Nations, a devotee of the Francophonie and officially bilingual at the federal level. It ranks in the course of the highest in international measurements of admin transparency, civil liberties, vibes of life, economic freedom, and education. It is one of the world’s most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many supplementary countries. Canada’s long and profound association past the associated States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture.
A developed country, Canada has the sixteenth-highest nominal per capita allowance globally as competently as the twelfth-highest ranking in the Human progress Index. Its ahead of its time economy is the tenth-largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources and well-developed international trade networks. Canada is part of several major international and intergovernmental institutions or groupings including the united Nations, the North Atlantic unity Organization, the G7 (formerly G8), the society of Ten, the G20, the North American free Trade taking over and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum.
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map of canada with provincial capitals presents a detailed map of canada and map menu see below for provinces and territories the capital cities of the provinces and territories the following are the capital cities of the 10 provinces from west to east and the 3 territories provinces and territories of canada wikipedia ontario quebec new brunswick and nova scotia were the original provinces formed when several british north american colonies federated on july 1 1867 into the dominion of canada and by stages began accruing the indicia of sovereignty from the united kingdom prior to this ontario and quebec were united as the province of canada provinces and territories of canada simple english here is a list of the provinces and territories and their standard abbreviations with their capitals the cities where their governments are based and largest cities canada s national capital where the federal government meets is ottawa canada provinces and territories with capitals list of canadian provinces and territories including capitals canada map 2019 map of canada canada map canada canada map is a site created for canadians tourists and travelers you can find detailed maps of canada cities maps of provinces and territories as well as the islands that belong to canada canada map detailed map of canada provinces the detailed canada map on this page shows ottawa the capital city as well as each of the canadian provinces and territories the photograph below depicts the gothic revival style canadian parliament building in springtime accented by red and white tulips