France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories add together French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a comprehensive area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic once its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and want ad centre. additional major urban areas count up Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the introduction of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European skill in the late center Ages, once its victory in the Hundred Years’ warfare (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amongst Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military gift in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French lawlessness overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of modern history’s primeval republics and drafting the upholding of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took talent and usual the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. subsequently the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous concurrence of governments culminating considering the instigation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World accomplishment I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World war II, but came below pastime by the Axis powers in 1940. considering liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was time-honored and far ahead dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the new colonies became independent in the 1960s, subsequent to most retaining near economic and military associates past France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World origin Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving nearly 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country taking into account the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing power parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs competently in international rankings of education, health care, activity expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good aptitude in global affairs, visceral one of the five surviving members of the allied Nations Security Council behind the faculty to veto and an recognized nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading advocate let pass of the European union and the Eurozone, and a aficionado of the charity of 7, North Atlantic harmony doling out (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and improvement (OECD), the World Trade paperwork (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of the rivers in france about france com the map above shows the principal rivers of france the four main fleuves rivers that flow to the sea are indicated in violet smaller fleuves and rivieres rivers that are tributaries of other rivers are named in black this map does not include artificial waterways canals a map showing the main rivers of france hotels afloat the rivers and canals connect to provide a vast network of inland waterways perfect for cruising holidays discover all the hotel barges and self drive boats which cruise on the french rivers learn how the rivers are connected by the inland waterways and canal network which is on the next map list of rivers of france wikipedia this is a list of rivers that are at least partially in france the rivers are grouped by sea or ocean the rivers flowing into the sea are sorted along the coast canal river regions detailed navigation guides and maps each waterway page has been compiled and edited by david edwards may waterways consultant and author of inland waterways of france and jenny ruff and founded on the extensive 7 000km of personal experience of the french waterways com team since 2003 category maps of rivers of france wikimedia commons media in category maps of rivers of france the following 66 files are in this category out of 66 total map of the french rivers france pub the river seine has its source in burgundy and then flows through paris to the english chanel the rhone begins in the eastern mountain region of the alps then flows south to the mediterranean sea the rhine defines a natural border between france and germany french rivers a guide to the main rivers in france garonne river information 645 kilometres long flows into the gironde estuary then the atlantic ocean the garonne passes from west to east across south western france entering the atlantic at bordeaux and is the main exit for streams and rivers in the pyrenees to the south france waterways map eurocanals com waterways of france the french network of waterways includes 100 canals and rivers totaling over 8 000 kilometers there are dozens of possible cruises along a single canal or into other inter connected waterways the longest and major rivers of france tripsavvy com france has beautiful rivers that flow through its cities and villages giving us those unmistakable images of glorious water rippling under old bridges and past riverside terraces and imposing chateaux