Italy is a European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Italian Alps and surrounded by several islands. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean sea and traversed along its length by the Apennines, Italy has a largely self-denying seasonal climate. The country covers an area of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares approach land borders in imitation of France, Slovenia, Austria, Switzerland and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea (Lampedusa). as soon as nearly 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous believer give access of the European Union.
Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has historically been house to a myriad of ancient peoples and cultures, the most predominant beast the Indo-European Italic peoples who gave the peninsula its name. An Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which eventually became a republic considering a management of the Senate and the People that expanded and conquered parts of Europe, North Africa and Asia. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant faculty in the Mediterranean Basin and became the leading cultural, political and religious centre of Western civilisation, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a grow old of more than 200 years during which Italy’s law, technology, economy, art, and literature developed. Italy remained the homeland of the Romans and the metropole of the empire, whose legacy can with be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments, Christianity and the Latin script.
During the prematurely middle Ages, Italy endured sociopolitical collapse and barbarian invasions, but by the 11th century, numerous rival city-states and maritime republics, mainly in the northern and central regions of Italy, rose to good material comfort through trade, commerce and banking, laying the groundwork for modern capitalism. The Renaissance began in Italy and move forward to the settle of Europe, bringing a renewed immersion in humanism, science, exploration and art. Italian culture flourished, producing famous scholars, artists and polymaths. During the middle Ages, Italian explorers discovered supplementary routes to the far away East and the new World, helping to usher in the European Age of Discovery. Nevertheless, Italy’s trailer and political skill significantly waned next the instigation of trade routes that bypassed the Mediterranean. Centuries of infighting along with the Italian city-states, such as the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries, left the region fragmented, and it was bearing in mind conquered and other at odds by European powers such as France, Spain and Austria.
By the mid-19th century, rising Italian nationalism and calls for independence from foreign rule led to a era of revolutionary political upheaval. After centuries of foreign domination and embassy division, Italy was more or less extremely unified in 1861, establishing the Kingdom of Italy as a good power. From the tardy 19th century to the into the future 20th century, Italy snappishly industrialised, namely in the north, and acquired a colonial empire, even though the south remained largely impoverished and excluded from industrialisation, fuelling a large and influential diaspora. Despite visceral one of the main victors in World accomplishment I, Italy entered a mature of economic crisis and social turmoil, leading to the rise of a fascist autocracy in 1922. Participation in World engagement II on the Axis side ended in military defeat, economic destruction and the Italian Civil War. considering the liberation of Italy and the rise of the resistance, the country abolished the monarchy, traditional a democratic Republic and enjoyed a prolonged economic boom, becoming a extremely developed country.
Today, Italy is considered to be one of the world’s most culturally and economically unprejudiced countries, behind its economy ranking eighth-largest in the world and third in the Eurozone by nominal GDP. Italy has the sixth-largest worldwide national wealth, the third-largest central bank gold reserve, and a extremely tall spirit expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military, cultural and diplomatic affairs; it is both a regional aptitude and a good power, and is ranked the world’s eighth most-powerful military. Italy is a founding and leading supporter of the European union and a devotee of numerous international institutions, including the UN, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the WTO, the G7, the G20, the linkage for the Mediterranean, the Council of Europe, Uniting for Consensus, the Schengen place and many more. The country have greatly influenced and contributed to diverse fields, notably the arts, music, literature, philosophy, science and technology, fashion, cinema, cuisine, sports, as with ease as jurisprudence, banking and business. As a extra of its cultural wealth, Italy is house to the world’s largest number of World extraction Sites, and is the fifth-most visited country.
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rubicon wikipedia the rubicon latin rubicō italian rubicone pronounced is a shallow river in northeastern italy just south of ravenna the same name was given to a river that was famously crossed by julius caesar in 49 bc maps of rubicon river italy maphill com map search results for rubicon river choose from several map types from simple map graphics to detailed satellite maps search for a map by country region area code or postal address rubicon maps about total war arena the river rubicon marked the boundary between the province of cisalpine gaul and italy proper it was an act of treason for any general to march his troops into italy but on 10 january 49 bc gaius julius caesar crossed the river with his legions rubicon river map camping map rubicon wikipedia rubicon river maps of the ancient world rubicon rubicon river rubicon river rivalry in italy to be settled with mock court case rubicon rubicon river maps of the ancient world rubicon rubicon river where is the rubicon does the rubicon river that julius caesar crossed still there is a river called the rubicon in italy to the south of ravenna it was renamed last century it was called the fiumicino until 1933 after a long discussion as to which river was the one caesar famously crossed rubicon river map lahistoriaconmapas com reproduced from www freeworldmaps net morris idaho falls high school 9th grade website 2013 2014