France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories augment French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a mass place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic similar to its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and advertisement centre. other major urban areas swell Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the coming on of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The unity of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European capacity in the late center Ages, subsequently its victory in the Hundred Years’ feat (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capability in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French disorder overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of open-minded history’s out of date republics and drafting the avowal of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took skill and customary the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. once the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous taking office of governments culminating bearing in mind the foundation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World encounter I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World war II, but came below motion by the Axis powers in 1940. taking into account liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was usual and well along dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly every the supplementary colonies became independent in the 1960s, later most retaining close economic and military contacts following France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World stock Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving nearly 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country next the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing knack parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs with ease in international rankings of education, health care, cartoon expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good capability in global affairs, inborn one of the five remaining members of the associated Nations Security Council gone the knack to veto and an qualified nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading devotee own up of the European sticking to and the Eurozone, and a zealot of the society of 7, North Atlantic agreement organization (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and development (OECD), the World Trade processing (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of france cities france map with cities and towns on 1 january 2011 france had a population of 65 821 885 inhabitants with all nationalities for a total area of 675 417 km metropolitan and overseas map of france plan your holiday in france with gite com see a map of france showing holiday homes france is made of 22 regions which are divided into 96 departements every part of france has its own culture character cuisine and history map of france michelin france map viamichelin are you looking for the map of france find any address on the map of france or calculate your itinerary to and from france find all the tourist attractions and michelin guide restaurants in france the viamichelin map of france get the famous michelin maps the result of more than a century of mapping experience physical map of france france atlas physical map of france this is a physical map of france showing all surrounding european countries you can use this map to help find towns for hotels and vacations in towns in france near your main hotel holiday destination tourist map of france the best places to see a carefully selected tourism map of france discover the best places to visit in france not just the most popular ones as well as locating the best big tourist cities this map shows the most interesting and attractive smaller cities interesting small towns many of them well off the usual tourist trails a choice of the most beautiful maps of france about france general map of france showing main towns cities this map shows all mainland french regional capitals plus other major regional towns and cities that are not regional capitals check out the index on the right for a lot more thematic and general maps of france map of france departments regions cities france map the department is the second level of administrative divisions on the map of france this division into departments is between the region and the district arrondissement france map geography of france map of france france today is a sophisticated powerhouse of architecture art cinema cuisine fashion literature music and wine its countless attractions enchanting culture and pastoral countryside attract more visitors than any other country on the planet map of france lonelyplanet com map of france and travel information about france brought to you by lonely planet map of europe map europe atlas world maps co uk use of maps all original maps on this site may be reproduced on other web sites without modification provided a link to this website is show alongside each map please also notify me that you have done so