France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories affix French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a collect area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic taking into consideration its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. supplementary major urban areas swell Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the dawn of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The concurrence of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European skill in the late center Ages, when its victory in the Hundred Years’ war (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars together with Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capability in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French disorder overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of unprejudiced history’s outdated republics and drafting the statement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took aptitude and conventional the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. considering the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous concurrence of governments culminating when the creation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World suit I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World dogfight II, but came below bustle by the Axis powers in 1940. taking into consideration liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was usual and vanguard dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the additional colonies became independent in the 1960s, later most retaining near economic and military associates when France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World descent Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving on 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country later than the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing knack parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, excitement expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great capacity in global affairs, instinctive one of the five steadfast members of the joined Nations Security Council gone the gift to veto and an credited nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading zealot let pass of the European grip and the Eurozone, and a aficionado of the charity of 7, North Atlantic treaty meting out (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and build up (OECD), the World Trade management (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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the wines of south west france map wine folly original source the wines of south west france by wine folly understanding the south west wine region the south west is divided into four sub regions each with its own distinctive character climate and grapes france map of vineyards wine regions wine map of france france vineyards cover 787 000 hectares it has the third largest vineyard in the world after china second now and still growing map of french vineyards wine growing areas of france a map of french wine producing areas there are vineyards in most regions of france as this wine map of france clearly shows there are vineyards throughout france wine map france by provence beyond the main french wine regions are shown by the colored areas on the map the beyond region provence alpes cote d azur shown by the white bordered departements in the southeast includes the southern part of the cote du rhone and the cote de provence wines french wine regions maps hand crafted illustration french wine regions maps click on map to zoom the map france is a country synonymous with wine and fine wine regions like bordeaux and champagne are known by virtually all wine lovers on the planet france wine map recana masana map of france and italy click for large map reproduced from www acprail map of france and italy via alpina map via alpina map of fran wine spectator s maps of key wine regions wine spectator here you can find wine spectator maps for major wine producing areas around the world for the united states maps of california including detailed maps of the napa and sonoma appellations oregon and washington for europe maps of austria france incl 5 exquisite wine routes in france auto europe sample the fine red wines north of bordeaux and the sweet or dry white wines south of the city offering an excellent array of grape varietals colors and tastes you won t be disappointed when visiting this southwestern area of france french wine exploration map wine folly malbec despite the region s large size the wines of south west are still being discovered outside of france one notable find is cahors which is the origin place of malbec wines are medium bodied with notes of cherries and plums with softer tannins and subtle notes of dried leaves french wines and wine regions of france cotes du rhone wines are mediterranean wines and generally speaking they are blended from the different classic grape varieties of the south of france including most notably viognier syrah and grenache price wise generic cotes du rhone wines are often at the cheaper end of the appellation controlee or aop range