Texas is the second largest declare in the joined States by both place and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders subsequent to the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, supplementary Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Len, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, and has a coastline in imitation of the gulf of Mexico to the southeast.
Houston is the most populous city in Texas and the fourth largest in the U.S., though San Antonio is the second-most populous in the make a clean breast and seventh largest in the U.S. DallasFort Worth and Greater Houston are the fourth and fifth largest metropolitan statistical areas in the country, respectively. new major cities adjoin Austin, the second-most populous let pass capital in the U.S., and El Paso. Texas is nicknamed “The Lone Star State” to signify its former status as an independent republic, and as a reminder of the state’s worry for independence from Mexico. The “Lone Star” can be found on the Texas make a clean breast flag and upon the Texan give access seal. The descent of Texas’s reveal is from the word taysha, which means “friends” in the Caddo language.
Due to its size and geologic features such as the Balcones Fault, Texas contains diverse landscapes common to both the U.S. Southern and Southwestern regions. Although Texas is popularly allied later the U.S. southwestern deserts, less than 10% of Texas’s estate place is desert. Most of the population centers are in areas of former prairies, grasslands, forests, and the coastline. Traveling from east to west, one can observe terrain that ranges from coastal swamps and piney woods, to rolling plains and rugged hills, and finally the desert and mountains of the big Bend.
The term “six flags higher than Texas” refers to several nations that have ruled higher than the territory. Spain was the first European country to affirmation the place of Texas. France held a short-lived colony. Mexico controlled the territory until 1836 gone Texas won its independence, becoming an independent Republic. In 1845, Texas associated the bond as the 28th state. The state’s annexation set off a chain of deeds that led to the MexicanAmerican fighting in 1846. A slave divulge past the American Civil War, Texas avowed its secession from the U.S. in early 1861, and officially united the Confederate States of America on March 2nd of the thesame year. After the Civil achievement and the restoration of its representation in the federal government, Texas entered a long time of economic stagnation.
Historically four major industries shaped the Texas economy prior to World stroke II: cattle and bison, cotton, timber, and oil. in the past and after the U.S. Civil case the cattle industry, which Texas came to dominate, was a major economic driver for the state, in view of that creating the normal image of the Texas cowboy. In the sophisticated 19th century cotton and lumber grew to be major industries as the cattle industry became less lucrative. It was ultimately, though, the discovery of major petroleum deposits (Spindletop in particular) that initiated an economic boom which became the driving force at the rear the economy for much of the 20th century. considering mighty investments in universities, Texas developed a diversified economy and high tech industry in the mid-20th century. As of 2015, it is second on the list of the most Fortune 500 companies in imitation of 54. with a growing base of industry, the acknowledge leads in many industries, including agriculture, petrochemicals, energy, computers and electronics, aerospace, and biomedical sciences. Texas has led the U.S. in confess export revenue past 2002, and has the second-highest terrifying give leave to enter product. If Texas were a sovereign state, it would be the 10th largest economy in the world.
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