Texas is the second largest own up in the associated States by both place and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, extra Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Len, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, and has a coastline past the void of Mexico to the southeast.
Houston is the most populous city in Texas and the fourth largest in the U.S., even though San Antonio is the second-most populous in the let pass and seventh largest in the U.S. DallasFort Worth and Greater Houston are the fourth and fifth largest metropolitan statistical areas in the country, respectively. other major cities count Austin, the second-most populous acknowledge capital in the U.S., and El Paso. Texas is nicknamed “The Lone Star State” to signify its former status as an independent republic, and as a reminder of the state’s vacillate for independence from Mexico. The “Lone Star” can be found on the Texas own up flag and upon the Texan own up seal. The line of Texas’s publish is from the word taysha, which means “friends” in the Caddo language.
Due to its size and geologic features such as the Balcones Fault, Texas contains diverse landscapes common to both the U.S. Southern and Southwestern regions. Although Texas is popularly united as soon as the U.S. southwestern deserts, less than 10% of Texas’s land place is desert. Most of the population centers are in areas of former prairies, grasslands, forests, and the coastline. Traveling from east to west, one can observe terrain that ranges from coastal swamps and piney woods, to rolling plains and rugged hills, and finally the desert and mountains of the big Bend.
The term “six flags more than Texas” refers to several nations that have ruled beyond the territory. Spain was the first European country to allegation the area of Texas. France held a short-lived colony. Mexico controlled the territory until 1836 subsequent to Texas won its independence, becoming an independent Republic. In 1845, Texas joined the hold as the 28th state. The state’s annexation set off a chain of happenings that led to the MexicanAmerican prosecution in 1846. A slave disclose before the American Civil War, Texas declared its secession from the U.S. in into the future 1861, and officially united the Confederate States of America on March 2nd of the thesame year. After the Civil dogfight and the restoration of its representation in the federal government, Texas entered a long era of economic stagnation.
Historically four major industries shaped the Texas economy prior to World engagement II: cattle and bison, cotton, timber, and oil. past and after the U.S. Civil fighting the cattle industry, which Texas came to dominate, was a major economic driver for the state, so creating the standard image of the Texas cowboy. In the later 19th century cotton and lumber grew to be major industries as the cattle industry became less lucrative. It was ultimately, though, the discovery of major petroleum deposits (Spindletop in particular) that initiated an economic boom which became the driving force astern the economy for much of the 20th century. taking into account strong investments in universities, Texas developed a diversified economy and high tech industry in the mid-20th century. As of 2015, it is second on the list of the most Fortune 500 companies later 54. subsequent to a growing base of industry, the give leave to enter leads in many industries, including agriculture, petrochemicals, energy, computers and electronics, aerospace, and biomedical sciences. Texas has led the U.S. in permit export revenue past 2002, and has the second-highest gross confess product. If Texas were a sovereign state, it would be the 10th largest economy in the world.
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