France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories increase French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a mass area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic later than its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and public notice centre. extra major urban areas put in Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the beginning of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The agreement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European talent in the tardy center Ages, later its victory in the Hundred Years’ warfare (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars together with Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military power in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French rebellion overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of forward looking history’s dated republics and drafting the verification of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took talent and customary the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. when the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous taking office of governments culminating when the foundation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World lawsuit I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World court case II, but came below pastime by the Axis powers in 1940. next liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was received and complex dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately every the extra colonies became independent in the 1960s, later most retaining near economic and military connections bearing in mind France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World parentage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving re 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country in the same way as the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing aptitude parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs with ease in international rankings of education, health care, simulation expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good gift in global affairs, visceral one of the five unshakable members of the joined Nations Security Council afterward the capacity to veto and an certified nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading aficionada own up of the European devotion and the Eurozone, and a aficionado of the intervention of 7, North Atlantic harmony admin (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and spread (OECD), the World Trade organization (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of tgv train routes and destinations in france the tgv trains a grande vitesse is the express trains of france and connect the major cities of france as well as continuing through to other neighboring european countries that border france of luxembourg belgium spain italy germany and switzerland france tgv map paris by train this tgv map shows high speed train lines in france and across europe this includes the main tgv lines eurostar thalys tgv east networks in france plus train lines in other countries within europe click map to see full version tgvweb tgv system maps 1 1 high speed lines this is a geographic map of france showing all the lines used by tgv trains the solid colored segments are dedicated lgv ligne a grande vitesse or high speed lines in service today interactive map of french railway network sncf reseau home our railway maps interactive map of french railway network interactive map of french railway network join us on social media france rail map french train itineraries mapping france below is a map of the major rail lines in france france rail travel toolbox from paris or any city on the map that has a red line you can take a fast tgv train between cities tgv karte frankreich schnellzugriff tgv netzkarte der tgv linien der sncf zugverbindungen in frankfreich mit tgv lyria thalys eurostar und den ice zugverbindungen der deutschen bahn in frankreich ubersichtskarte linienplan der zuge ubersicht der eisenbahnverbindungen map tgv map paris by train france tgv map showing high speed train lines in deep purple and light purple click to enlarge this tgv map shows the main tgv destinations in france tgv high speed train fast speed trains france eurail com the tgv is a high speed train that operates all over france and beyond travel from romantic paris to the shores of the mediterranean or the vineyards of the loire valley railway maps of france ferrocarta net select an area on the map of france to view a detailed map of that region by clicking on a blue city name you can access directly to a map of urban transport for that city european train network map oui sncf 6 tarif mini from per person for a 2nd class single journey with tgv italy france for international routes only from selected cities and to a range of destinations the offer is subject to availability for any and all particular journeys and no guarantee is given that your desired journey will still be available to you at your time of booking under the promotion