Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory after that includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera create Spain the solitary European country to have a inborn connect once an African country (Morocco). Several little islands in the Alboran Sea are in addition to allowance of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small home boundary subsequently Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the niche of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; further major urban areas increase Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula approaching 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along subsequently ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came under Roman deem concerning 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician make known Sp(a)n or Spania. At the stop of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and acknowledged relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly fuse all remaining independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally every the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was after that documented as Hispania.
In the further on eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to announce most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving only a handful of little Christian realms in the north and lasting stirring to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering become old across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the establishment of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to point the invasion. behind the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the tardy 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs.
In the to the fore protester period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, desertion a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken indigenous language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were afterward many advancements in the arts, taking into account world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most well-known Spanish moot work, Don Quixote, was along with published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World lineage Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, like King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a high allowance country, with the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing gift parity. It is a aficionada of the associated Nations (UN), the European devotion (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the organization of Ibero-American States (OEI), the grip for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic harmony direction (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and spread (OECD), management for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade running (WTO) and many new international organisations. though not an attributed member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in all summit, which makes Spain a de facto enthusiast of the group.
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camino de santiago routes follow the camino 1 camino frances the camino frances or the french way is the most popular camino route although the name can be confusing as the route is mostly walked in spain the way of st james tours and stages spain info in english the st james way a thrilling route through northern spain some people are inspired by an interest in culture others do it out of a spiritual conviction yet others love the chance of adventure or approach it as a personal challenge but whatever your reason the st james way offers an original and different way of sightseeing in northern spain rail map of spain and portugal tripsavvy com this map is intended to be used for travel planning and to get an idea of the extent of spain s rail network it shows the major spanish cities and rail lines el camino de santiago de compostela pilgrimage in spain welcome to the camino de santiago our aim is to help you with all the information you need for any of the camino routes the most popular camino pilgrimage route in spain is the camino frances this route starts in st jean pied de port france it is the busiest and best supported route camino de santiago routes in spain on this map the long route marked in red is the camino frances camino frances the french way the camino frances is the most popular of all the camino routes renfe rail network map getspain spain com the official renfe website even when translated into english is not the easiest of sites to navigate over the years we have found that one of the most common searches people make about the renfe network is for renfe maps so that they can work out rail routes across spain camino de santiago how to walk spain s famous pilgrimage the way passes through many different landscapes the snow capped pyrenees the meseta spain s central plateau wild deserted hills dense eucalyptus forests and damp green galicia which camino de santiago the pilgrimage routes to santiago de the camino de santiago the way of st james is a large network of ancient pilgrim routes stretching across europe and coming together at the tomb of st james santiago in spanish in santiago de compostela in north west spain camino de santiago wikipedia the camino de santiago latin peregrinatio compostellana pilgrimage of compostela galician o camino de santiago known in english as the way of saint james among other names is a network of pilgrims ways or pilgrimages leading to the shrine of the apostle saint james the great in the cathedral of santiago de compostela in galicia in northwestern spain where tradition has it that the google maps find local businesses view maps and get driving directions in google maps