France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories improve French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a cumulative area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic in imitation of its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and want ad centre. new major urban areas increase Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the introduction of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European skill in the tardy middle Ages, afterward its victory in the Hundred Years’ conflict (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars in the middle of Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military aptitude in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French revolution overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of advanced history’s outdated republics and drafting the upholding of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took gift and usual the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. gone the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous appointment of governments culminating later than the launch of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World deed I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World court case II, but came under movement by the Axis powers in 1940. as soon as liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was acknowledged and well along dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately every the new colonies became independent in the 1960s, next most retaining near economic and military links following France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World pedigree Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving in relation to 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country later the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing aptitude parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs capably in international rankings of education, health care, dynamism expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good skill in global affairs, physical one of the five unshakable members of the joined Nations Security Council bearing in mind the talent to veto and an qualified nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading believer own up of the European bond and the Eurozone, and a member of the outfit of 7, North Atlantic agreement direction (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and progress (OECD), the World Trade direction (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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the tour de france 2019 in english route and map a tour of eastern and southern france the main features of the 2019 tour de france are that it is almost entirely in the eastern half of france indeed much of it will be close to france s eastern borders official route of tour de france 2019 map the 2019 tour will go through two countries belgium and france it will visit the three belgian regions bruxelles capitale flanders and wallonia and 37 departments of france tour de france 2017 route and stages cyclingstage com tuesday 4 july 2017 at 207 5 kilometres stage 4 in the tour de france travels from mondorf les bains luxembourg home of the schlecks to vittel in france the route is mostly flat the route is mostly flat tour de france 2020 route what can we expect from the like 2018 the tour de france is expected to include the alps first in week two and the pyrenees second in the final phase it will involve some transfers and criss crossing france tour de france 2019 route stage by stage guide the route of the 2019 tour de france with stage maps and profile plus accommodation bike hire and tour de france cycling holidays freewheeling france tour de france 2018 route and stages cyclingstage com the 2018 tour de france started july 7th on ile de noirmoutier to finish july 29th on the champs elysees in paris the route takes in cobbles and a number of promising mountain stages tour de france 2019 livestreams videos nachrichten frankreich leidet das wetter spielt verruckt der tour ruckblick die tour de france 2019 endet mit dem gesamtsieg des kolumbianers egan bernal 2019 tour de france wikipedia the 2019 tour de france was the 106th edition of the tour de france one of cycling s three grand tours the 3 480 km 2 162 mi long race consisted of 21 stages tour de france cyclingnews com tour de france 2019 live coverage including news results stage reports photos podcasts and expert analysis letour fr official website of tour de france 2019 the tour de france pays tribute to felice gimondi one of its youngest winners before egan bernal felice gimondi was the youngest cyclist to have brought the maillot jaune to paris at the age of 22 years 9 months and 15 days precisely three months more than the colombian