France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories complement French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a combine area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic later than its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and billboard centre. extra major urban areas improve Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The pact of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European capability in the tardy middle Ages, bearing in mind its victory in the Hundred Years’ stroke (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capacity in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French revolution overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of advocate history’s obsolete republics and drafting the announcement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capability and time-honored the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. considering the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous concurrence of governments culminating following the instigation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World prosecution I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World deed II, but came below occupation by the Axis powers in 1940. when liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and forward-thinking dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately every the further colonies became independent in the 1960s, subsequent to most retaining close economic and military associates in the same way as France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World extraction Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving going on for 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country subsequently the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing aptitude parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs capably in international rankings of education, health care, vivaciousness expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great capacity in global affairs, beast one of the five long-lasting members of the joined Nations Security Council following the capability to veto and an endorsed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading supporter declare of the European linkage and the Eurozone, and a aficionada of the organization of 7, North Atlantic agreement dealing out (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and progress (OECD), the World Trade government (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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2013 tour de france wikipedia the 2013 tour de france was the 100th edition of the tour de france one of cycling s grand tours it started on the island of corsica on 30 june and finished on the champs elysees in paris on 21 july tour de france 2013 route map cyclingnews com find out the latest news stage reports race scores and expert analysis from the 2013 tour de france cyclingnews com the world centre of cycling tour de france 2013 route map cyclingnews we are supported by our audience when you purchase through links on our site we may earn an affiliate commission learn more the tour de france 2013 in english route and map the route of the 2013 tour de france the hundredth edition of the tour de franceis taking place totally within france breaking with the tradition of the past few years which have included a leg or two in neighbouring countries tour de france 2013 wikipedia die tour de france 2013 war die 100 austragung des wichtigsten etappenradrennens der welt sie begann am 29 juni 2013 in porto vecchio und endete am 21 the tour de france 2019 in english route and map the main features of the 2019 tour de france are that it is almost entirely in the eastern half of france indeed much of it will be close to france s eastern borders it is also being billed as the highest tour de france ever with most of the route taking riders through the upland areas of southern france tour de france blog velowire com paris thover com the race route of the first stages of the tour de france 2019 on open street maps google earth as usual we ll have to wait until june before we get to know all the details about the race route of the different stages of the tour de france 2019 official route of tour de france 2019 accueil tour de map the 2019 tour will go through two countries belgium and france it will visit the three belgian regions bruxelles capitale flanders and wallonia and 37 departments of france