France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories add together French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a sum up area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic past its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and classified ad centre. additional major urban areas attach Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the initiation of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The agreement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European power in the tardy middle Ages, considering its victory in the Hundred Years’ case (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amongst Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capability in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French chaos overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of highly developed history’s primordial republics and drafting the upholding of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capability and usual the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. once the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous consent of governments culminating in the same way as the launch of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World clash I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World suit II, but came under occupation by the Axis powers in 1940. gone liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was received and cutting edge dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately all the supplementary colonies became independent in the 1960s, like most retaining close economic and military contacts subsequent to France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World pedigree Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving roughly speaking 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country with the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capacity parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs skillfully in international rankings of education, health care, cartoon expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great facility in global affairs, instinctive one of the five long-lasting members of the joined Nations Security Council similar to the capacity to veto and an endorsed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading believer confess of the European bond and the Eurozone, and a aficionado of the action of 7, North Atlantic settlement processing (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and move ahead (OECD), the World Trade dealing out (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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tour de france 2017 route stage 10 perigueux bergerac tuesday 11 july 2017 at 178 kilometres stage 10 in the tour de france is played out in the dordogne region leaving from perigueux and travelling to bergerac tour de france 2018 route stage 10 annecy le grand bornand tuesday 17 july 2018 on stage 10 of the tour the france the riders face the first day in the high mountains the alps form the enchanting backdrop of a 158 5 kilometres long race from annecy to le grand bornand stage 10 tour de france 2018 speedyhedgehog com stage 10 of the tour de france 2018 is 158 5km from annecy to le grand bornand this alpine stage includes climbs of the col de bluffy the col de la croix fry the plateau de glieres the col de romme and the col de la colombiere stage 10 saint flour albi tour de france 2019 wout van aert takes maiden tour de france victory in albi wout van aert claimed his first tour de france stage victory in albi the fourth for jumbo visma and the third for belgian riders at the end of an eventful stage 10 to albi 2019 tour de france stages schedule map live stream 2019 tour de france stages schedule map live stream how to watch in the united states originally appeared on nbcsportswashington com cycling s biggest event is here once again for the running tour de france 2019 fur google maps download chip tour de france 2019 fur google maps die streckenplane der tour de france etappen 2019 bis zum zielort paris konnen sie jetzt direkt im kostenlosen online globus nachverfolgen tour de france 2019 route stage by stage guide stages 11 and 12 will be two of the most accessible stages for spectating at this year s tour de france toulouse offers excellent transport links with an airport as well as a fast tgv train link to paris this stage itself will be flat and probably best caught as a stage start or end or on a roadside with the locals just out of town the tour de france 2019 in english route and map it is also being billed as the highest tour de france ever with most of the route taking riders through the upland areas of southern france see stage details below tour de france route map by about france com tour de france 2019 stage 10 preview cyclingnews com find out the latest news stage reports race scores and expert analysis from the 2019 tour de france stage 10 cyclingnews com the world centre of cycling tour de france 2019 stages cyclingnews com find out the latest news stage reports race scores and expert analysis from the 2019 tour de france cyclingnews com the world centre of cycling