France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories intensify French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic as soon as its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and want ad centre. supplementary major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the coming on of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The agreement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European faculty in the late middle Ages, gone its victory in the Hundred Years’ lawsuit (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capability in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French chaos overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of advanced history’s olden republics and drafting the encouragement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took aptitude and usual the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. similar to the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous agreement of governments culminating as soon as the foundation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World combat I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World feat II, but came below doings by the Axis powers in 1940. in the manner of liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was received and far along dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately every the further colonies became independent in the 1960s, in the same way as most retaining near economic and military friends when France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World heritage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving re 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country like the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capacity parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs capably in international rankings of education, health care, animatronics expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great facility in global affairs, being one of the five remaining members of the joined Nations Security Council subsequently the gift to veto and an approved nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading advocate give leave to enter of the European union and the Eurozone, and a enthusiast of the society of 7, North Atlantic pact executive (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and progress (OECD), the World Trade executive (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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stage 14 tarbes tourmalet bareges tour de france 2019 thibaut pinot claimed his third stage win in the tour de france after porrentruy 2012 and l alpe d huez 2015 as he stormed to victory at the top of tourmalet while julian alaphilippe second on the line with a deficit of six seconds retained the yellow jersey and extended his lead over steven kruijswijk and geraint thomas tour de france 2018 route stage 14 saint paul trois saturday 21 july 2018 stage 14 in the tour de france runs from saint paul trois chateaux to mende the route and the moment seem to be perfect for a successful breakaway tour de france 2017 route stage 14 blagnac rodez saturday 15 juli 2017 the route of stage 14 in the tour de france takes in 181 5 kilometres between blagnac and rodez punchy arrival atop a 570 metres climb with an average gradient of 9 6 tour de france 2019 route map stage profiles dates and tour de france 2019 route map stage profiles dates and distance the 2019 tour de france will begin in belgium on 6 july here s what you need to know about all the sages from distance to tour de france 2019 route stage by stage guide stage 14 will be one of the highlights of the 2019 tour de france with only the ventoux or alpe d huez rivalling a mountaintop finish on the tourmalet via the often under rated col du soulor as with stage 13 make sure you book accommodation and bike hire well in advance the tour de france 2019 in english route and map it is also being billed as the highest tour de france ever with most of the route taking riders through the upland areas of southern france see stage details below tour de france route map by about france com 2019 tour de france stage 14 2019 tour de france stage 14 wedu hear the boys break down stage 14 themove is presented by patron themove is brought to you by thefeed check out the curated move feed collection priced at tour de france 2019 stage by stage guide route map stage by stage guide to the 2019 tour de france 1 52 2019 tour de france the route from brussels to paris via the pyrenees and the alps in what has been dubbed the highest race in history tour de france 2019 stage 14 preview cyclingnews com find out the latest news stage reports race scores and expert analysis from the 2019 tour de france stage 14 cyclingnews com the world centre of cycling tour de france 2020 route what can we expect from the tour de france 2020 route stage two profile stage two will be a major departure from the traditional opening of the tour heading to the mountains on only the second day