France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a combine place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic gone its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and public notice centre. supplementary major urban areas add together Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the coming on of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The settlement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European knack in the late center Ages, as soon as its victory in the Hundred Years’ act (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars surrounded by Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capability in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French rebellion overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of advocate history’s prehistoric republics and drafting the assertion of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took talent and received the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. once the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating in imitation of the instigation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World accomplishment I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World fighting II, but came below doings by the Axis powers in 1940. following liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and unconventional dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately all the new colonies became independent in the 1960s, past most retaining near economic and military contacts bearing in mind France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World heritage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving nearly 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country in the same way as the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing gift parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs skillfully in international rankings of education, health care, liveliness expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great capacity in global affairs, mammal one of the five permanent members of the allied Nations Security Council as soon as the capacity to veto and an attributed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading aficionada acknowledge of the European sticking together and the Eurozone, and a believer of the activity of 7, North Atlantic concurrence direction (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and move forward (OECD), the World Trade dispensation (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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official route of tour de france 2019 map the 2019 tour will go through two countries belgium and france it will visit the three belgian regions bruxelles capitale flanders and wallonia and 37 departments of france the tour de france 2019 in english route and map it is also being billed as the highest tour de france ever with most of the route taking riders through the upland areas of southern france see stage details below tour de france route map by about france com tour de france 2018 route and stages cyclingstage com the 2018 tour de france started july 7th on ile de noirmoutier to finish july 29th on the champs elysees in paris the route takes in cobbles and a number of promising mountain stages tour de france 2019 route stage by stage guide the route of the 2019 tour de france with stage maps and profile plus accommodation bike hire and tour de france cycling holidays freewheeling france tour de france 2019 route map stage profiles dates and the 2019 tour de france will begin in belgium on 6 july here s what you need to know about all the sages from distance to profiles and dates 2019 tour de france stages schedule map live stream 2019 tour de france stages schedule map live stream how to watch in the united states originally appeared on nbcsportswashington com cycling s biggest event is here once again for the running 2019 tour de france stages schedule map live stream cycling s biggest event is here once again for the running of the 2019 tour de france the 21 stage competition runs throughout the month of july testing all different aspects of cycling to crown a champion tour de france 2019 route and stages cyclingstage com tuesday 9 july the 4th stage of the tour de france is played out in the northern part of france at 213 5 kilometres the route leads from reims to nancy for a likely sprint finish at 213 5 kilometres the route leads from reims to nancy for a likely sprint finish tour de france 2020 route what can we expect from the tour de france 2020 stage by stage stage one june 27 nice to nice 170km tour de france 2020 route stage one profile the first stage will be a 170km route suited to the sprinters starting tour de france 2019 stages cyclingnews com find out the latest news stage reports race scores and expert analysis from the 2019 tour de france cyclingnews com the world centre of cycling