France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories intensify French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a comprehensive place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic taking into consideration its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and flyer centre. new major urban areas augment Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the initiation of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The settlement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European aptitude in the late center Ages, with its victory in the Hundred Years’ charge (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars together with Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military knack in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French lawlessness overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of futuristic history’s outdated republics and drafting the upholding of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capacity and acknowledged the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. when the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous agreement of governments culminating bearing in mind the introduction of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World lawsuit I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World charge II, but came below commotion by the Axis powers in 1940. following liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was time-honored and forward-looking dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the new colonies became independent in the 1960s, taking into consideration most retaining near economic and military contacts past France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World heritage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving on 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country later than the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing power parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs with ease in international rankings of education, health care, vivaciousness expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good capability in global affairs, mammal one of the five permanent members of the united Nations Security Council gone the facility to veto and an attributed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading fanatic own up of the European linkage and the Eurozone, and a member of the intervention of 7, North Atlantic pact running (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and move on (OECD), the World Trade organization (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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france railways map and french train travel information france has an up to date rail system which includes abundant high speed rail lines using the rail map below you can find the major rail lines to plan your french vacation and get information on the rail passes available to the tourist in france interactive map of french railway network sncf reseau home our railway maps interactive map of french railway network interactive map of french railway network join us on social media french railway network map about france com travel rail map of france book french and european train tickets online for individual tickets about france com works with trainline com to bring you point to point tickets in france and europe for no extra fee no surcharge and full options including travel card holder discounts train france trains map pass timetables and fares overview france s high speed rail network also connects to neighboring countries all major french cities are connected by tgv the high speed train network which travels at speeds nearly 200 mph considering that france is the size of texas your destinations are now just a whirl away france rail map french train itineraries mapping france france rail travel toolbox from paris or any city on the map that has a red line you can take a fast tgv train between cities for example from paris gare de lyon station the tgv train gets to lyon in 2 hours and 40 minutes map of tgv train routes and destinations in france get travel times and destinations to major cities in france the express train connects with major cities of france and other european countries paris by train paris train maps tickets schedules how to use paris trains from paris airports rer b and metro subway paris trains with maps train tickets passes schedules routes for paris metro trains and paris rer trains in france plus detailed paris train station photo guides europe railway map europe map and europe train travel times interrail railway map start planning your interrail adventure today you can see the average train travel times between all major cities on the rail map of europe below european railway map europe map train travel times train routes through 31 countries the map below shows the bigger cities in europe to which cities they are connected and how long it takes to travel between them train travel in france a beginner s guide paris to nice paris to nice lyon or bordeaux from 25 the best way to travel between french town cities is by train in comfort at ground level france s world famous tgv travels at up to 199 mph from city centre to city centre and if you pre book direct with the operator you can find some really cheap fares too