Europe is a continent located totally in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost portion of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be divided from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies inborn geography, the land attach is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several period past its first conception in classical antiquity. The division of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which amend upon a spectrum rather than taking into account a bright dividing line. The geographic affix together with Europe and Asia does not follow any declare boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and allied Kingdom are along with transcontinental in that the main part is in Europe while pockets of their territory are located in other continents.
Europe covers approximately 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of house area). Politically, Europe is at odds into roughly fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of approximately 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. supplementary from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration time marked the stop of ancient records and the introduction of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the liberal era. in the past the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. amongst the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various times the Americas, on every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French revolution and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to forward looking economic, cultural and social amend in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most allowance in Europe, contributing to a grow less in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet grip and the associated States took prominence. During the frosty War, Europe was estranged along the Iron Curtain surrounded by NATO in the West and the Warsaw agreement in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and drop of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, behind a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, with the idea of unifying Europe to reach common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. further European integration by some states led to the formation of the European sticking to (EU), a surgically remove diplomatic entity that lies amongst a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward past the drop of the Soviet grip in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the middle of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes be close to and immigration controls in the middle of most of its advocate states.
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european railway map europe map train travel times train routes through 31 countries the map below shows the bigger cities in europe to which cities they are connected and how long it takes to travel between them europe map and europe train travel times interrail eu train routes through 31 countries the map below shows the bigger cities in europe to which major cities they are connected and how long it takes to travel between them europe train map interactive european railway map use our interactive europe train map to plan your next trip by rail discover popular european train routes journey times and how to book tickets online european rail maps maps showing major train routes european rail maps showing major routes and connections in all major european countries rail map europe map of europe europe map have a look at the rail europe map in the centre of the page and see if it the countries and cities you are interested in visiting for your vacation are included they should be as most western european countries are covered by these railway passes the rail systems that are covered by most train passes include eurostar is a high speed passenger rail service connecting london with paris plan your rail trip in europe rail europe eurail planner look up train times any place any time with the ultimate eurotrip planner the rail planner app is free to use works offline and features a european rail timetable get the app on the rail planner app is free to use works offline and features a european rail timetable openrailwaymap openrailwaymap an openstreetmap based project for creating a map of the world s railway infrastructure train travel europe rail travel europe planning a trip in a foreign country can sometimes be tricky if you are not familiar with european trains tickets passes or destinations you can use our support to help you make the right choice european night trains interrail eu find out about the different night trains in europe experience overnight train travel with interrail