Europe is a continent located certainly in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be divided from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies brute geography, the home connect is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several era back its first conception in classical antiquity. The distancing of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which rework on a spectrum rather than considering a smart dividing line. The geographic attach in the company of Europe and Asia does not follow any confess boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and associated Kingdom are furthermore transcontinental in that the main allowance is in Europe though pockets of their territory are located in additional continents.
Europe covers just about 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of house area). Politically, Europe is separated into roughly fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of virtually 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. extra from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration times marked the stop of ancient chronicles and the coming on of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the liberal era. since the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. amid the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various mature the Americas, almost all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French lawlessness and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to militant economic, cultural and social fiddle with in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most portion in Europe, contributing to a end in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet sticking together and the united States took prominence. During the frosty War, Europe was separated along the Iron Curtain with NATO in the West and the Warsaw treaty in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, in imitation of a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, subsequent to the idea of unifying Europe to achieve common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. extra European integration by some states led to the formation of the European linkage (EU), a cut off embassy entity that lies between a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward in the past the fall of the Soviet devotion in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the course of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes be close to and immigration controls accompanied by most of its aficionada states.
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ural mountains location map highest peak facts ural mountains also called the urals russian uralskie gory or ural mountain range forming a rugged spine in west central russia and the major part of the traditional physiographic boundary between europe and asia ural mountains wikipedia nevertheless around that time early 16th century polish geographer maciej of miechow in his influential tractatus de duabus sarmatiis 1517 argued that there were no mountains in eastern europe at all challenging the point of view of some authors of classical antiquity popular during the renaissance ural mountains in nazi planning wikipedia in 1725 philip johan von strahlenberg first used the ural mountains as part of the eastern demarcation of europe since c 1850 most cartographers have regarded the urals and the ural river to the south of them as the eastern boundary of europe geographically recognized as a subcontinent of eurasia russia large color map worldatlas com all maps graphics flags photos and original descriptions c 2019 worldatlas com worldatlas on facebook interactive map of europe europe map with countries and seas europe map online interactive map of europe showing its borders countries capitals seas rivers and adjoining areas it connects to information about europe and the history and geography of european countries europe is the western part of the eurasian land mass asia is the larger eastern part europe mountain ranges map quiz game europe mountain ranges map quiz game when it comes to mountain ranges in europe the alps are generally the first to come to mind there are however nine other recognized ranges starting with the urals at one end of the continent and finishing with the pyrenees on the other end most of the ranges are concentrated in southern europe europe geography world map world atlas atlas of the alps located in south central europe they extend for almost 700 miles from the coastline of southern france near monaco into switzerland northern italy and austria then southeast through slovenia croatia bosnia and herzegovina as the dinaric alps physical map of europe maps of world the physical map of europe shows that most of the continent is a plain the north european plain being the dominant one the important mountain ranges are the alps the caucasus mountains and others ancient nanostructures found in ural mountains are out of while the largest of these objects measure 1 18 inches the smallest are only 1 10 000th of an inch and many exhibit golden mean proportions europe physical map freeworldmaps net list of the geographical names found on the map above largest rivers of europe danube dnieper don po elbe volga rhine loire dniester oder ural pechora