Europe is a continent located no question in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost share of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be divided from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies beast geography, the land be next to is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several time back its first conception in classical antiquity. The disaffection of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which correct upon a spectrum rather than as soon as a smart dividing line. The geographic be close to amid Europe and Asia does not follow any let in boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and united Kingdom are furthermore transcontinental in that the main share is in Europe even though pockets of their territory are located in further continents.
Europe covers roughly 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is divided into approximately fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of about 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. extra from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration times marked the stop of ancient archives and the dawn of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the advocate era. past the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. amid the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various grow old the Americas, on all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French mayhem and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to open-minded economic, cultural and social bend in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most part in Europe, contributing to a stop in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet sticking to and the united States took prominence. During the chilly War, Europe was separated along the Iron Curtain along with NATO in the West and the Warsaw settlement in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and drop of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, subsequent to a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, in the same way as the idea of unifying Europe to achieve common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. extra European integration by some states led to the formation of the European bond (EU), a separate diplomatic entity that lies in the midst of a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward previously the fall of the Soviet hold in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the midst of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes affix and immigration controls among most of its aficionada states.
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europe online vegetation and plant distribution maps online vegetation and plant distribution maps europe lists of online vegetation maps from website titled checklist of online vegetation and plant distribution maps these lists of links are no longer being actively maintained and are provided for archival purposes only climate vegetation and animal life in europe europe vegetation although much of europe particularly the west was originally covered by forest the vegetation has been transformed by human habitation and the clearing of land only in the most northerly mountains and in parts of north central european russia has the forest cover been relatively unaffected by human activity digital map of european ecological regions european the digital map of european ecological regions dmeer delineates and describes ecological distinct areas in europe on the basis of climatic topographic and geobotanical european data together with the judgement of a large team of experts from several european nature related institutions and the wwf map of the natural vegetation of europe scale 1 2 500 000 map of the natural vegetation of europe scale 1 2 500 000 part 2 legend bundesamt fur naturschutz german federal agency for nature conservation bonn 2000 climates and vegetation of europe mindmeister mind map climates and vegetation of europe by juan alejandro 1 hot zones 1 1 in areas with oceanic climate there are many forests and grasslands 1 2 in areas with a mediterranean climate the mediterranean forest stands consisting of shrubs and trees the vegetation of europe mindmeister mind map 1 2 1 highlights the mediterranean forest made up evergreen trees like the holm and cork oak and scrubs like the jara and the rosemary 1 3 1 there are the taigas evergreen forest forms by trees like the spruce and pine 1 3 2 also there are the steppes plains with poor lands in the steppes europe vegetation zones students britannica kids vegetation zones of europe and the caucasus please enter a valid email address to share with more than one person separate addresses with a comma mountains rivers and vegetation of europe national 1 review physical features and their importance ask students to think back to lesson 1 of this unit in which they created borders based on the information given on several maps