Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost share of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be not speaking from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies subconscious geography, the estate be next to is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several time before its first conception in classical antiquity. The unfriendliness of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which amend upon a spectrum rather than when a brilliant dividing line. The geographic attach amongst Europe and Asia does not follow any make a clean breast boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and allied Kingdom are as well as transcontinental in that the main part is in Europe though pockets of their territory are located in additional continents.
Europe covers practically 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of house area). Politically, Europe is separated into very nearly fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of just about 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. other from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration time marked the end of ancient records and the initiation of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the objector era. before the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. amongst the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various epoch the Americas, on the order of all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French revolution and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to open-minded economic, cultural and social fine-tune in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most allowance in Europe, contributing to a stop in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet grip and the allied States took prominence. During the cool War, Europe was at odds along the Iron Curtain amongst NATO in the West and the Warsaw settlement in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and drop of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, gone a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, gone the idea of unifying Europe to accomplish common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. extra European integration by some states led to the formation of the European union (EU), a sever political entity that lies amongst a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward back the drop of the Soviet bond in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used among Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes affix and immigration controls in the course of most of its devotee states.
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old norse map of the viking world abroadintheyard com the geographical range of viking exploration between the 9th and 12th centuries ad was amazing from their northern european homelands in today s norway denmark and sweden they used the norwegian and baltic seas to engage with the world as looters traders colonists and mercenaries viking expansion wikipedia viking expansion is the process by which norse explorers traders and warriors the latter known in modern scholarship as vikings sailed most of the north atlantic reaching south to north africa and east to russia constantinople and the middle east as looters traders colonists and mercenaries europe according to the vikings in 1000 ad brilliant maps the map above is a tongue in cheek look at how the vikings may have viewed the rest of europe in 1000 ad it has everything from crazy relatives to the sea of the sweaty people the map is the creation of yanko tsvetkov and appears in atlas of prejudice 2 chasing horizons also see atlas of countries that were raided or settled by the vikings based while we tend to think of the vikings as being based in and around scandinavia their activities took them a lot far further afield than that the map above shows just how far in the 11th century they became the first europeans to attempt to settle in the americas beating columbus by 500 years viking invasion map twinkl how does this resource excite and engage children s learning this handy colour coded vikings map displays the vikings homelands and settlements perfect for bringing your teaching on this history topic to life viking invasion map by eddiekenz teaching resources this 3 way differentiated worksheet can be used to help the children use an atlas in locating the modern day nations of europe then identifying their own nation the uk and that of the vikings norway sweden denmark and iceland viking history exploration facts maps britannica com viking member of the scandinavian seafaring warriors who raided and colonized wide areas of europe from the 9th to the 11th century made up of landowning chieftains and clan heads their retainers freemen and others these scandinavians were independent farmers at home but raiders and pillagers at sea category maps of the viking age wikimedia commons media in category maps of the viking age the following 115 files are in this category out of 115 total europe map map of europe facts geography history of europe map europe is the planet s 6th largest continent and includes 47 countries and assorted dependencies islands and territories europe s recognized surface area covers about 9 938 000 sq km 3 837 083 sq mi or 2 of the earth s surface and about 6 8 of its land area