Europe is a continent located extremely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost allocation of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be estranged from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies instinctive geography, the land border is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several grow old before its first conception in classical antiquity. The estrangement of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which adjust upon a spectrum rather than in imitation of a sharp dividing line. The geographic border along with Europe and Asia does not follow any confess boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and allied Kingdom are next transcontinental in that the main allocation is in Europe even though pockets of their territory are located in additional continents.
Europe covers just about 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of estate area). Politically, Europe is on bad terms into about fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of very nearly 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. other from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration epoch marked the end of ancient chronicles and the dawn of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the unprejudiced era. back the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. with the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various period the Americas, almost all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French mayhem and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to enlightened economic, cultural and social tweak in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most allowance in Europe, contributing to a decrease in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet grip and the united States took prominence. During the frosty War, Europe was not speaking along the Iron Curtain between NATO in the West and the Warsaw harmony in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, in imitation of a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, subsequent to the idea of unifying Europe to achieve common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. additional European integration by some states led to the formation of the European bond (EU), a surgically remove political entity that lies amongst a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward in the past the drop of the Soviet devotion in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the course of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes connect and immigration controls accompanied by most of its devotee states.
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maps of eastern european countries tripsavvy com this map shows how eastern europe once looked in 2006 serbia and montenegro officially split apart the current map of eastern europe shows how the region looks today in 2006 serbia and montenegro officially split apart map of western and eastern europe and travel information map of map of western and eastern europe and travel information map of eastern europe map of europe europe map look at this map for a more complete idea of the countries that make up western europe and a list of the countries trying to enter the european union the end of the cold war saw the end of the many large conglomerations of communist nations political map of central and eastern europe nations central europe sometimes referred to as middle europe or median europe is a region of europe lying between the variously defined areas of eastern and western europe and south of northern european countries western europe map of europe europe map western europe is the region of europe that is made up with the most western countries although the concept of western and eastern europe has been around for millennia political map of eastern europe travel guide and maps northwestern turkey including its european part in the region of thrace troy now in ruins stood at the entrance to the strait of dardanelles called hellespont by the ancient greeks map west europe travel guide and maps geographicguide political map of western europe copyright c geographic guide travel rijksmuseum museum in amsterdam western europe countries map quiz game western europe countries map quiz game when most people say europe they are really thinking of just a few countries in western europe just the same how many can you actually identify without cheating find out now by playing this free map quiz game it s also perfect if you have an upcoming geography quiz and need a study aid western europe wikipedia this division largely defines the popular perception and understanding of western europe and its borders with eastern europe former western european union its members and associates the world changed dramatically with the fall of the iron curtain in 1989 eastern europe wikipedia eastern europe is the eastern part of the european continent there is no consistent definition of the precise area it covers partly because the term has a wide range of geopolitical geographical cultural and socioeconomic connotations