Europe is a continent located totally in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost allowance of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be at odds from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies inborn geography, the house attach is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several epoch since its first conception in classical antiquity. The separation of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which vary upon a spectrum rather than subsequent to a sharp dividing line. The geographic affix together with Europe and Asia does not follow any give leave to enter boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and joined Kingdom are then transcontinental in that the main share is in Europe while pockets of their territory are located in extra continents.
Europe covers very nearly 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of estate area). Politically, Europe is on bad terms into nearly fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of approximately 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. additional from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration time marked the end of ancient archives and the coming on of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the futuristic era. back the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. in the company of the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various times the Americas, not far off from every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French revolution and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to enlightened economic, cultural and social fine-tune in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most allocation in Europe, contributing to a terminate in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet bond and the joined States took prominence. During the chilly War, Europe was separated along the Iron Curtain amongst NATO in the West and the Warsaw concurrence in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, taking into consideration a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, taking into consideration the idea of unifying Europe to reach common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. new European integration by some states led to the formation of the European grip (EU), a separate political entity that lies in the company of a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward back the fall of the Soviet grip in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the course of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes connect and immigration controls among most of its believer states.
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map of europe with countries and capitals world maps description this map shows governmental boundaries countries and their capitals in europe europe capital cities map and information page find below a map with all capital cities and european nations map of europe with cities countries capitals printables map of europe with cities map of europe with cities the climate in europe is very much affected by warm atlantic currents which affect the winter and summer of the continent very much europe map maps of europe map of europe with countries and capitals 3750×2013 1 23 mb go to map political map of europe test your geography knowledge western europe capital western europe capital cities quiz geography quiz just click on the map to answer the questions about the capital cities in europe this is a user created quiz western europe countries and capitals map flashcards this set includes the countries and capitals from the different parts of europe the nordic countries central europe eastern europe western and southern europe and southeastern europe i suggest using the learn activity you learn to spell it and you learn both the country and the capital list of european capitals by countries list of european capitals the countries principal cities have always been among the best places to live the top rated capitals by the life quality in europe are vienna copenhagen stockholm and berlin countries and capitals of western europe flashcards quizlet the countries and capitals of western europe learn with flashcards games and more for free western europe countries quiz interactive map quizzes there is no standard definition of western vs eastern europe this quiz was created to evenly split europe to make it easier to study and the countries that are included were based on a teacher request