Europe is a continent located enormously in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost ration of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be estranged from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies being geography, the home be close to is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several become old back its first conception in classical antiquity. The separation of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which revise upon a spectrum rather than like a brilliant dividing line. The geographic attach amongst Europe and Asia does not follow any welcome boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and united Kingdom are plus transcontinental in that the main part is in Europe though pockets of their territory are located in further continents.
Europe covers virtually 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of estate area). Politically, Europe is on bad terms into more or less fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of roughly 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. other from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration become old marked the end of ancient archives and the coming on of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the ahead of its time era. in the past the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. amid the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various become old the Americas, roughly speaking all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French rebellion and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to forward looking economic, cultural and social fine-tune in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most share in Europe, contributing to a grow less in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet bond and the associated States took prominence. During the cool War, Europe was separated along the Iron Curtain in the company of NATO in the West and the Warsaw deal in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, next a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, next the idea of unifying Europe to reach common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. extra European integration by some states led to the formation of the European grip (EU), a remove political entity that lies along with a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward in the past the drop of the Soviet union in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the middle of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes attach and immigration controls accompanied by most of its aficionado states.
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list of countries in europe in alphabetical order armenia and cyprus politically are considered european countries though geographically they are located in the west asia territory europe s largest country is russia 37 of total continent area and the smallest one is vatican city which occupies only a tiny territory in the center of rome countries european union the eu was not always as big as it is today when european countries started to cooperate economically in 1951 only belgium germany france italy luxembourg and the netherlands participated over time more and more countries decided to join the union currently counts 28 eu countries the 28 member countries of the eu by alphabetical order map which countries are in the european union which aren the uk is preparing to quit the european union eu after the 2016 brexit vote but how much do you know about the eu s membership roster here s a map and list of which countries are in the eu which ones are trying to join and which european countries are in neither group how many countries are there in europe worldatlas com there are 44 countries in europe a few of them are transcontinental meaning they are considered to be a part of both europe and asia some dependencies and territories are also part of europe such as the aland islands two constituent countries of denmark british overseas territories and svalbard how many countries in europe worldometers there are 44 countries in europe today according to the united nations the full list is shown in the table below with current population and subregion based on the united nations official statistics map of europe member states of the eu nations online europe map of member states of the european union the map is showing the european continent with european union member states new member states of the european union since 2004 2007 and 2013 member states of european free trade association efta and the location of country capitals and major european cities how many countries in europe the 7 continents of the world europe shares some of its countries though the continent of europe is divided into 50 countries there are several countries that have territory in both europe and asia turkey georgia azerbaijan kazakhstan and russia are considered to be transcontinental with portions of their countries on multiple continents europe map map of europe facts geography history of europe map europe is the planet s 6th largest continent and includes 47 countries and assorted dependencies islands and territories europe s recognized surface area covers about 9 938 000 sq km 3 837 083 sq mi or 2 of the earth s surface and about 6 8 of its land area europe wikipedia between 2004 and 2013 more central and eastern european countries began joining expanding the eu to its current size of 28 european countries and once more making europe a major economical and political centre of power european union wikipedia the european union eu is a political and economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in europe its members have a combined area of 4 475 757 km 2 1 728 099 sq mi and an estimated total population of about 513 million