France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories combine French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a total place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic subsequently its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and classified ad centre. supplementary major urban areas tally Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the start of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The concurrence of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European facility in the late center Ages, in the manner of its victory in the Hundred Years’ achievement (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars surrounded by Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military talent in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French disorder overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of ahead of its time history’s outdated republics and drafting the avowal of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capability and expected the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. bearing in mind the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous concurrence of governments culminating in imitation of the initiation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World skirmish I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World clash II, but came below leisure interest by the Axis powers in 1940. when liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and superior dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly every the new colonies became independent in the 1960s, in imitation of most retaining near economic and military contacts taking into consideration France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World pedigree Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving just about 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country considering the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing power parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs skillfully in international rankings of education, health care, enthusiasm expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great capacity in global affairs, beast one of the five steadfast members of the united Nations Security Council as soon as the capability to veto and an ascribed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member permit of the European devotion and the Eurozone, and a supporter of the activity of 7, North Atlantic unity government (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and onslaught (OECD), the World Trade dispensation (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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tours wikipedia tours t ʊər toor french is a city in the west of france it is the administrative centre of the indre et loire department and the largest city in the centre val de loire region of france although it is not the capital which is the region s second largest city orleans map of tours michelin tours map viamichelin tours map tours michelin maps with map scales from 1 1 000 000 to 1 200 000 tours centre map directions mapquest get directions maps and traffic for tours centre check flight prices and hotel availability for your visit tours map of tours 37100 or 37200 or 37000 france the city of tours is a big french city located center of france the city of tours is located in the department of indre et loire of the french region centre map of tours lonely planet map of tours and travel information about tours brought to you by lonely planet tourist map of france the best places to see a carefully selected tourism map of france discover the best places to visit in france not just the most popular ones as well as locating the best big tourist cities this map shows the most interesting and attractive smaller cities interesting small towns many of them well off the usual tourist trails a choice of the most beautiful the tour de france 2019 in english route and map a tour of eastern and southern france the main features of the 2019 tour de france are that it is almost entirely in the eastern half of france indeed much of it will be close to france s eastern borders map of tgv train routes and destinations in france the tgv trains a grande vitesse is the express trains of france and connect the major cities of france as well as continuing through to other neighboring european countries that border france of luxembourg belgium spain italy germany and switzerland map of france departments regions cities france map map of france cities map france cities map of france key data administrative divisions france is divided into 27 regions 101 departments 343 districts arrondissements 4 058 townships cantons and 36 699 towns communes map of france and italy recana masana map of france and italy map of france and italy reproduced from www acprail map of italy and france via alpina map via alpina detailed road map of france